January 23, 2019

Doğanyurt (also called Araphisar) is a small village in the interior of Turkey, heir to the once rich and famous city of Alabanda, capital of Roman conventus iuridicus and seat of Episcopal diocese during the Byzantine rule. The date of foundation of Alabanda is unknown. Probably it must be dated sometime in the first half of the first millennium BC, as it is the case of the surrounding cities. In...

November 15, 2018

The ruins of the Celtiberian town of Villasviejas del Tamuja are located about 3 kilometers from the town of Botija (province of Cáceres, Spain), being able to reach them by a dirt track in good condition. Highlight that great part of its materials and even its structures were reused many years ago for the construction of sheep corrals. The site occupies the top of a broad but low hill, whose gen...

October 6, 2018

The current Turkish town of Karpuzlu is the heiress of an ancient Carian city called Alinda. Its ruins are located on the top of the hill that rises to the west of the town. In fact, modern houses reach almost to the first ancient structures. Although Alinda has never been excavated except for its necropolis, the truth is that the archaeological site are fairly well preserved, deserving the qualif...

July 31, 2018

The ruins of the ancient Aeolian city of Aigai (Aegae in Latin) are located half a dozen kilometers from the small Turkish village of Yuntdağıköseler, on the summit of a rocky mountainous area known in antiquity as "the Mountain of the Sun." Aigai is mentioned by Herodotus and Strabo as one of the twelve largest cities founded by the Aeolian colonists. Although its legendary foundation...

June 4, 2018

We are going to conclude this series of four articles about the main Roman masonry techniques. Oppus Scutulatum, Oppus Alexandrinum, Oppus Sectile. With these names the Romans designated a series of cladding techniques characterized by the use of marble as a building material. Unfortunately, the findings of Roman marbles in Europe are not abundant because during the whole Middle Ages they were us...

April 7, 2018

We continue with the third part of this serie of four articles about the main Roman masonry techniques. Oppus Testaceum. This constructive technique, invented by the Romans, is the one that uses the baked brick: much harder, more resistant and more durable than the traditional clay/mud brick, without firing, whose constructive technique was named Oppus Latericium. The size of the Roman baked bric...

March 10, 2018

Nysa was founded on the hillside of a mountain met by the ancients as Mesogis. The area is populated with trees nowadays, mainly pines. Geographically it was a carian city although very close to the border of Caria with Lydia. The Meander River runs close to it, in the valley, reason because the city is usually named "Nysa on the Maeander". Strabo points out that the first name of the c...

January 13, 2018

Let's continue with the description of the various Roman masonry techniques started in the previous publication of this web "A brief description of the main Roman masonry techniques. 1st. Part".

December 13, 2017

The Monastery of San Juan de los Reyes was commissioned by the Catholic Monarchs in the city of Toledo (Spain) to honor the victory in Battle of Toro in 1476. This battle put the end to the War of Succession in favor of Princess Isabel, sister of the late King Enrique IV. They fought against the supporters of Juana, illegitimate daughter of the king. At first, the architecture and decoration were...

November 23, 2017

Vitruvius wrote in the decade from 35 to 25 BC his masterpiece "De architectura", conceived as a summary of the architectural knowledge of his time and previous ones. Divided into ten books, the second one was chosen by the author to expose extensively the building materials and construction techniques used in his time. Enunciated all of them with the generic word "Opus", the s...

September 25, 2017

The story of Kyme (Cyme in Latin), Turkey, is long as few. It was founded by greek settlers from the city of Locris sometime from the 8th century BC. The settlement prospered greatly to the point of forming a local emporium focused on maritime commerce, with little relation to the interior of Anatolia. With the passage of time it would be considered the largest and most important of the aeolian ci...

August 14, 2017

The remains of the Thermae of Herodes Atticus are the most important architectural vestige of the once magnificent city of Alexandria Troas, in the remote north-west of Turkey. Undoubtedly they formed a more than outstanding building complex to the point that, despite the plunder and to stand unexcavated, they look still grandiose in sight. The thermal complex was built, along with the rest of el...

June 17, 2017

December 5, 2015. We find ourselves driving through the heart of the mountains and valleys of ancient Troas, in the northwest of Turkey not far from the sea. Our goal is to visit the ruins of the ancient Greek city of Neandria, located at the summit of Mount Çığrı (520 m), so that we climb up the hillside until reaching the tiny town of Kayacık Köyü: located at the foot of the powerful granite mas...

May 20, 2017

Assos (present Behramkale, in the northwestern extreme of Turkey) is the name of an ancient Greek city built on the southern slope of a high rocky hill raised beside to one of the few quality harbors existing in the sector of the Troas (Troad) coast which overlooks the Gulf of Adramyttium. Its well selected location granted to the city an important defensive capacity as well as a high strategic-co...

April 21, 2017

During our visit to the site of the ancient city of Cyzicus in December 2015, we find out that, apart from the ruins of Hadrian's Temple, there were vestiges of a large building some kilometers to the east of the temple. In order to locate it we climbed to the top of the hill that rises to the north of the site (the Dindymon mount of the classic texts) from where we scrutinized the hillside an...

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ABOUT US

The authors of this blog are

History and Numismatics lovers

specialized in ancient coinage.

Be welcome!

 

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